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Zechariah 2:1-5: I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand. Then said I, Whither goest thou? And he said unto me, To measure Jerusalem, to see what is the breadth thereof, and what is the length thereof. And, behold, the angel that talked with me went forth, and another angel went out to meet him, And said unto him, Run, speak to this young man, saying, Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein: For I, saith the Lord, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.
Zechariah sees a man with a measuring line. The angels converse with one another and tell the man with the line the city would not need walls. God would protect them with a wall of fire. This isn’t the first time God had done this. He protected Israel with a wall of fire from Pharaoh’s chariots; He protected them in the wilderness with a pillar of fire by night (Exodus 13:21). Jerusalem would dwell securely because of divine protection. So here we say the future Jerusalem would overspread its boundaries and God will be its Protector. The restoration of Jerusalem after the return from Babylon is only a foretaste of the future messianic kingdom, for the language of the vision cannot be fulfilled historically. Its scope extends beyond the time of Zechariah to the rule of the Messiah on earth. Other scriptures that correspond with this are Jeremiah 31:39, Ezekiel 38:11, and Ezekiel 40:3. The word “glory” means great honor.
Verse 6: Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, saith the Lord: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, saith the Lord. A double “Ho” means a call to listen and warning. Come from Babylon in the north and everywhere you have been scattered. According to 2 Kings 17:6, they were scattered 200 miles west of Nineveh, Media, and 300 miles east. Some had even gone to Moab, Ammon, Edom, and Egypt (Jeremiah 40:11, 12, 43:7).
Verse 7: Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon. The warning is that one is in danger if they stay in Babylon. Zion is another name for Jerusalem. This has a double meaning. Those left in Babylon from their captivity should come home, and be under the protection of God. There is a spiritual Babylon that symbolizes the sinful world (Revelation 18:4).
Verses 8-9: For thus saith the Lord of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye. For, behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me. Israel is spoken of as the “apple of His eye (Deuteronomy 32:10).” The Lord of hosts will destroy the enemy of Israel. Those opposed to Israel are opposed to God. He would exert His power, inflict punishment, and utterly destroy them with the bare shaking of His Hand. The Persians (through Darius, not Cyrus) took Babylon after a siege of twenty months, putting great numbers to death and taking all as their spoil. In Revelation, ten kings will give their kingdoms to the beast, but then shall hate the whore and eat her flesh and take all her riches to be divided among them (Revelation 17:12).
Verse 10-13: Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the Lord. And many nations shall be joined to the Lord in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me unto thee. And the Lord shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again. Be silent, O all flesh, before the Lord: for he is raised up out of his holy habitation. Many nations shall join themselves to the Lord. The Gospel shall be preached, multitudes will be converted, Jerusalem will be rebuilt and Jesus will reign. We will all have perfect peace (Revelation 21:24). God’s people are made up of all nations.
Zechariah 3:1: And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. Here we see Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord. This Joshua was the high priest who returned from the Babylonian captivity and had no connection with the Joshua at the times of Moses. The two Joshua’s are about 800 years apart. Joshua was involved with Zerubbabel the governor in laying the foundation for the second temple. Joshua means, “Jehovah is salvation;” it was the name Jesus in the original Hebrew. Jesus is the English pronunciation of the Greek translation, so the name Jesus is Joshua. Joshua is a picture of the coming Messiah, called the Branch.
Verses 2-5: And the Lord said unto Satan, The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire? Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel. And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment. And I said, Let them set a fair mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the angel of the Lord stood by. The Lord speaks through the angel and says, “The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan.” This has happened before according to Jude, verse 9: Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. Joshua was clothed with filthy garments. Satan withstood Joshua, probably accusing him of not being worthy to fulfill the role of high priest. One fault Joshua had was allowing his sons to marry pagan women (Nehemiah chapters 12 and 13, Ezra 10:10-18). Joshua the High Priest, in the spiritual realm was filthy. The Hebrew word here implies excrement. Joshua was the rightful priest, according to priestly descent. His being chosen in spite of his sins demonstrates the grace of God. Clothing throughout scripture is a visual indicator of a person’s holiness. Filthy clothes represent sins, which were attached to the person (Isaiah 64:6).
The high priest had a very special dress code which was carefully outlined by Moses. He had to be dressed in a certain way to minister before the Lord. Dressed in filthy garments meant being barred from ministering to the Lord. The high priest was always required to wear the mitre (Exodus 28:1-4, Exodus 28: 36-38).
Verses 6-8: And the angel of the Lord protested unto Joshua, saying, Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my house, and shalt also keep my courts, and I will give thee places to walk among these that stand by. Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the Branch.
The Angel of the Lord tells Joshua what he now must do. He says, “Hear now, O Joshua...I will send forth my servant the BRANCH.” Joshua, as the High Priest, served as a type or sign of the coming Messiah whose name would also be Joshua (Jesus). Joshua was involved in laying the foundation of the second temple; Jesus will bring the Millennium Temple into existence. Jesus would resemble the growth of a branch. He shall not descend from heaven in glory and greatness, but He shall grow up out of the earth in lowly humiliation. He was the root out of dry ground, despised and rejected of men. Isaiah 53:2: For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground: he hath no form or comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. Joshua was a Levitical Priest who could never be a king, but Jesus was prophesied to be a king as well as a priest on a different order than the Levitical priests (Hebrews 7 and Psalm 110:4).
Other scriptures about THE BRANCH: Isaiah 11:1, Isaiah 4:2, Jeremiah 23:5, 6, Jeremiah 33:15.
The word “branch” means a line of family descent stemming from a particular ancestor, as distinguished from some other line or lines from the same stock. The town of Nazareth that Jesus grew up in was named for the Hebrew word ‘netzer’ which means a branch or a shoot. Archaeologists have found tunnels under Nazareth that once formed a bath house for Roman troops. Nazareth held the Roman garrison (body of troops) for the northern area of Galilee. The Jews despised it. Maybe this is why Nathanael said, “Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?” (John 1:46) Not to mention it was a town in the middle of nowehere, off the main road and with a population of merely 500.
Verse 9: For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone shall be seven eyes: behold I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the Lord of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day. Here we see Jesus, the stone mason and carpenter. In one day, He died for all the sins of the world! Revelation 5:6: In the midst of the throne…stood a Lamb having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.
In an earlier study we learned that the seven Spirits of God are the same as the fruits of the Spirit: love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith. (Meekness and temperance are the result of the seven) Wasn’t Jesus all of those things? The engraving of the stone
(Jesus) was the bruises, stripes and punishments He took for our sins (Isaiah 53). When the Branch comes to set up His kingdom there will be a fountain opened for sin and uncleanness (Zechariah 13:1).
Remember when Moses struck the rock and water gushed out? So would Jesus the stone be struck and out of Him would flow living water to cleanse the sins of the world by His precious blood. Luke 20:17, And he (Jesus) beheld them and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whosoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder. Yes, we fall upon the stone Jesus and we are broken. We cry out to Him for mercy and we are saved. Yet the wicked will be ground to powder (Daniel 2:34).
I Peter 2:3-8: If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious. To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious, Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, and a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
The Jewish nation rejected their King when the cornerstone was cast away by the builders, so they did not receive the benefits of the iniquity removed in one day. At the Third Coming of Jesus, when the nation finally understands the Messiah is Jesus, in that one day, the sins of the land will be forgiven, and Israel as a nation will be restored. (Zechariah 12:10)
A stone is solid and does not change. Hebrews 13:8: Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, and today, and for ever.
Verse 10: In that day, saith the Lord of hosts, shall ye call every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig tree. Neighbors will sit and rest under each other’s fruit tree. This is a picture of peace, friendship, and prosperity.